How to convert old petrol bike to geared electric bike




Hi

This project is very very special as I have made an electric bike that too India's first electric bike with four gears. I always use to wonder why no gearbox is used to make electric bikes efficient. Of course, the obvious reason I do know but still I wanted to know and experience what idea was there in my mind and so I decided to make one on my own. The idea behind making the geared electric bike was to make a commuter or street bike with an economy, green, zero-emission street bike that can easily carry any person, two persons and can cruise at a decent speed. It lags nowhere in the city's fast-moving traffic. Also can carry loads while climbing more than 35 degrees of slopes. I have made all of the above things to be true and working on the bike. The donor bike that I took was in very bad shape. This project took six months to complete as I wanted all of the above criteria to be present on the bike. How I made it and what all modifications are done to make this bike is all well described in this video. Basically, I took Bajaj Boxer and used only the frame and gearbox of the bike. For using four-speed gearbox on an electric bike, I had to replace the main crankshaft with the customized one. Also, a thick motor plate was fabricated for mounting the motor on the gearbox to make it a complete electric engine with four gears. This project came out really very good and even more than my expectations.

Many of my friends have asked me why gearbox and not hub motor, following are the reasons

1) Better torque on lower power motor.

2) electric vehicles are typically cursed for lower traction up hilling or climbing a slope that is eliminated in this.

3) overall lesser amps draw from battery due to gears improving the life of battery and efficiency of the entire system

4) higher load carrying capacity due to gears

5) I have just used a 1000 watt motor which outputs barely 2000 rpm at the shaft but still, I have managed to strike a balance between performance and power just because of a geared system So I hope you have got all your doubts cleared over using the gearbox.

Note: English Subtitles available in video. The Video language is in Hindi. please turn on Captions in your you tube for that

FAQ: What is the top speed Answer: 47.5 Kmph in fourth Gear What is the Range Answer: 50 Kmph / Full charge What is the battery capacity Answer: 48v 24Ah

There is a lot going in for the making of this project and lots of efforts and hard work had gone for making this e-sculpture on two wheels. Your word of appreciation will be really a credit to my work.



Step 1: Taking a Donor Bike and Modifying Its Frame to Hold Batteries

Picture of Taking a Donor Bike and Modifying Its Frame to Hold Batteries

Picture of Taking a Donor Bike and Modifying Its Frame to Hold Batteries

Picture of Taking a Donor Bike and Modifying Its Frame to Hold Batteries 

Step 2: Customized Parts That Were Made

An e-rickshaw motor 1000 watts 48v was modified. The motor is primarily made to be used with the rear differential gearbox of a three-wheel vehicle. There was a small gear on the shaft of the motor. I then turned that gear to the rounded shaft and made a flat part on the shaft to fix the chain sprocket with grub screws. The original engine crankshaft was removed and replaced with the customized shaft and the drive sprocket will be fixed on the other end where there was a magneto of the bike. The shaft pops out of the magneto cover where there will be a key slot to fix the bottom sprocket. Where there was a mounting for block and head assembly at that place motor mounting plate will be fixed. motor sprocket is also shown in the pictures below.

Picture of Customized Parts That Were Made

Picture of Customized Parts That Were Made

Picture of Customized Parts That Were Made

Step 3: Electric Engine Assembly


The customized shaft was placed in the gearbox and the gearbox was then assembled as a regular bike gearbox along with all the gear and clutch functional. The gearbox will then be filled with regular quantity to 20W30 gear oil. This oil will probably last forever because this oil is not going to be burnt by the combustion engine.

Picture of Electric Engine Assembly

Picture of Electric Engine Assembly

Step 4: Gearbox and Parts Ready to Be Mounted for Electric Motor



As I have shown in some of the above pictures gearbox converted for the electric engine is ready along with the electric motor. Firstly the gearbox is mounted on the frame after that level plate gasket are placed and the motor mounting plate is fixed. After that part is completed the motor is mounted on to the motor mounting plate completing our electric engine installation with gears.
Picture of Gearbox and Parts Ready to Be Mounted for Electric Motor

Picture of Gearbox and Parts Ready to Be Mounted for Electric Motor

Picture of Gearbox and Parts Ready to Be Mounted for Electric Motor

Step 5: Making BLDC Motor Wiring Connections With Controller

As like other regular electric bikes the motor, throttle, battery connections were made to the controller. Ignition switch wire was connected to motor enable wire in the controller. Twisting the throttle the motor and electric engine came to life.

Picture of Making BLDC Motor Wiring Connections With Controller

Step 6: Primary and Secondary Chain Drive Installation

This bike has two chain drives. Primary chain drive between motor and gearbox and secondary chain drive between the gearbox and the wheel.

Picture of Primary and Secondary Chain Drive Installation

Picture of Primary and Secondary Chain Drive Installation



Step 7: Making a Cover for Battery Bay and Paint Work

Picture of Making a Cover for Battery Bay and Paint Work

Picture of Making a Cover for Battery Bay and Paint Work



The battery cover was made form the existing petrol tank by cutting it into two parts and then adding an iron sheet strap in between to bridge the two halves by welding so that it sits on the battery bay. Finally, all the parts were sent to the paint shop and I was eagerly waiting for the results.

Step 8: The Final Outcome and Taking It for a Spin



The final outcome of the project was mind-blowing. I took the bike for a ride and I cannot explain to you how satisfying and hair raising experience that was. The bike performs as expected and even more than my expectations. I would suggest you watch the video for a better understanding of the project. As mentioned earlier, the video is in Hindi but English closed captions are available on the video. I hope that this article was informative and enjoyable for you. I thank you all for your valuable time and interest.


Picture of The Final Outcome and Taking It for a Spin

Picture of The Final Outcome and Taking It for a Spin





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2 Comments

  1. Hi need same hear box and motor set

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hai sir I saw the video also it is great. May I know this kind of modefied bikes are legally allowed to run in Indian roads.

    How to register this bike

    Sir please reply me.

    ReplyDelete